Tadoba is home to many mammals, reptiles, amphibians, insects and birds. All are closely interconnected with the rich plant life found in the area. Among the carnivorous species the Tiger, Sloth Bear, Leopard, Leopard Cat and Rusty Spotted Cat earn the first mentions. Other than these there are Wolf, Small Indian Civet, Fox, Hyena, Indian Gaur, Jackal and Wild Dogs.
The herbivores include the Spotted Deer in abundance with many other species like Sambar, Nilgai, Wild Boar, Chital, Rhesus Macaque, Chinkara, Barking Deer, Langur, and the Four Horned Deer.
The reptile clan consist of Indian Star Tortoise, Russel's Viper, Leaf Nosed Snake, Nastrix, Cobra, Indian Python, Rat Snake, Krait, Terrapins, Monitor Lizard, Bronze Tree Snake and freshwater Crocodile.
The insects form an integral part of this complex ecosystem. About 74 different species of Butterflies are found in Tadoba Andhari including Monarch, Pansies, Swordtails and Mormons. Other insects include Dragonflies, Moths, Stick Insects, Praying Mantis, Eggfly and Jewel Beetles alongside many species of spiders like Giant Wood Spider, Wolf Spider, Signature Spider, Red Wood Spider etc.